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What measured quantity can be associated to the value of the J parameter in the Heisenberg/Ising hamiltonians?

This question is related to other one here in the MatterModelingSE:

Here J is the exchange interaction parameters between two nearest-neighbor spins using in Heisenberg and Ising hamiltonians to study magnetic systems:

begin{equation}
tag{Heisenberg}
hat{H}_H=-sum_{langle i jrangle}Jhat{S}_ihat{S}_j
end{equation}

begin{equation}
tag{Ising}
hat{H}_I=-sum_{langle ijrangle}Jhat{S}_i^zhat{S}_j^z
end{equation}

Is there an experimental (and measurable) observable that can be related to the J parameter?

Matter Modeling Asked on November 15, 2021

1 Answers

One Answer

Here I'll assume that the material is already believed to be roughly described by a model of the Heisenberg or Ising form. In that case, you just want a quantity that is easy to measure in your experiment and easy to extract from numerics (or with a well-established theoretical value).

In practice, the choice of which quantity to use will depend on convenience. If you are already set up to measure the temperature dependence of specific heat, you might do that. You might also measure $T_c$, or the magnetic field required to achieve total saturation. The choice will also be influenced by the parameter regime (temperature, field, pressure) in which the comparison to the theoretical model is the most relevant.

Here are a couple examples:

Answered by taciteloquence on November 15, 2021

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